If you have a Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP), a part of the income earned from it is called your accumulated income payments (AIP). Any AIP amounts you received in 1999 or later need to be included in your annual income and are subject to an additional tax of 20% (12% for residents of Québec) which is calculated on the T1172: Additional tax on accumulated income payments from RESPs page of your return. You can find your AIP amount in Box 40 of the Other information section on your paper T4A slip.
Note: If you’re a resident of Québec, you’ll need to complete the TP-1129.64-V: Special tax relating to a registered education savings plan instead.
When does my RESP result in an AIP?
You will have an AIP if the beneficiary (your child or grandchild) of the RESP didn’t pursue further education for which the RESP was started. The income that accumulated in the RESP includes investment income and must be taxed at a higher rate.
The Canada Revenue Agency says that your RESP will result in an AIP, if after 1997, the following conditions are met:
- The payment is made to, or for, a subscriber under the RESP who’s a resident of Canada and
- The payment is made to, or for, only one subscriber of the RESP
In addition, one of the following must also apply:
- The payment is made after the 9th anniversary of the RESP and each individual (other than someone who’s deceased) who is or was a beneficiary is over the age of 21 and isn’t eligible for educational assistance payments (EAP)
- The payment is made after the 35th anniversary of the RESP, unless the RESP is a specified plan (like a non-family plan where the beneficiary is entitled to the disability credit for the tax year of the 31st anniversary of the plan), in which case, the payment is made after the 40th anniversary of the RESP or
- All beneficiaries under the RESP are deceased when the payment is made
Reducing the amount of tax on your AIPs
The good news is that you can reduce the amount of your AIPs that’re subject to tax (up to a lifetime maximum of $50,000) by directly transferring the AIP amounts to your or your spouse’s registered retirement savings plan (RRSP), pooled registered pension plan (PRPP), or specified pension plan (SPP). This can only happen if:
- You’re the original subscriber of the RESP
- You acquired the former subscriber’s rights because of a breakdown in a marriage or
- If there’s no subscriber of the RESP, you are/were the spouse of a deceased original subscriber (you can’t reduce the tax if you become the subscriber after the death of an original subscriber otherwise)
And, if both of the following statements apply to you:
- You contribute the AIP amount to your or your spouse’s RRSP, PRPP, or SPP, in the year you receive the AIP or within the first 60 days of the following year
- Your RRSP/PRPP deduction limit lets you deduct your contribution to your or your spouse’s RRSP, PRPP, or SPP, and the deductions were claimed within the same year the payments were made
By claiming a deduction for a contribution to your RRSP, PRPP, or SPP, you reduce your taxable income, which reduces your tax payable.
Where do I claim this?
Follow these steps in H&R Block’s tax software to file your 2016 taxes:
Under the PREPARE tab, click the OTHER icon. You'll find yourself here:
- Under the OTHER TYPES OF INCOME heading, select the checkbox labelled Additional tax on accumulated income payments from RESPs (T1172), then click Continue.
- When you arrive at the page for your Additional tax on accumulated income payments from RESPs, enter your information into the tax software.